Tag: FRCP 37(e) Safe Harbor (prior to Dec. 1, 2015)

1
Liadis v. Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (Mich. Ct. App. January 28, 2021)
2
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Performance Food Grp., No CCB-13-1712 (D. Md. Mar. 6, 2019)
3
Epac Technologies, Inc. v. HarperCollins Christian Publishing, Inc., f/k/a Thomas Nelson, Inc., No. 3:12-cv-00463 (M.D. Tenn. March 29, 2018)
4
Ball v. George Washington Univ., No. 17-cv-0507 (DLF) (D.D.C. Sept. 27, 2018)
5
American Honda v. Thygesen (S.Ct. Okla., 2018)
6
Dotson, et al. v. Edmonson, et al., No. 16-15371 (E.D. La. Jan. 22, 2018)
7
IBM Corp. v. Naganayagam, No. 15 Civ. 7991 (NSR) (S.D.N.Y., 2017)
8
Rhoda v. Rhoda (S.D.N.Y., 2017)
9
Zamora v. Stellar Management Group, Inc. (W.D. Mo., 2017)
10
Fid. Nat?l Title Ins. Co. v. Captiva Lake Invs., L.L.C., No. 4:10?CV?1890 (CEJ), 2015 WL 94560 (E.D. Mo. Jan. 7, 2015)

Liadis v. Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (Mich. Ct. App. January 28, 2021)

Key Insight: The trial court ordered plaintiff to produce her laptops to defendant’s computer forensic expert. In the days prior to turning over the laptops, about 41,000 unidentified files were deleted by a computer program called “CCleaner.” Defendant moved to dismiss plaintiff’s complaint based on spoliation and discovery violations and the trial court denied defendant’s motion. The Court of Appeals agreed with the trial court and found that plaintiff did not intentionally destroy evidence and it was unlikely that any evidence was in fact lost. Both sides’ forensic experts found the CCleaner was installed before the complaint was filed and was set to run automatically. The court was open to a lesser sanction than dismissal such as an adverse jury instruction should defendant request one.

Nature of Case: Personal Injury

Electronic Data Involved: Laptop files

Case Summary

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Performance Food Grp., No CCB-13-1712 (D. Md. Mar. 6, 2019)

Key Insight: ESI protocol agreed to by parties precluded EEOC from arguing other tapes were spoiled since Defendant complied with protocol.

Nature of Case: Employment Discrimination

Electronic Data Involved: E-mails and Documents regarding employee hotline

Keywords: Spoilation; Agreements between Parties

View Case Opinion

Epac Technologies, Inc. v. HarperCollins Christian Publishing, Inc., f/k/a Thomas Nelson, Inc., No. 3:12-cv-00463 (M.D. Tenn. March 29, 2018)

Key Insight: Gross negligence does not necessarily prove intent on loss of electronic documents

Nature of Case: Contract

Electronic Data Involved: Warehouse data, e-mails

View Case Opinion

Ball v. George Washington Univ., No. 17-cv-0507 (DLF) (D.D.C. Sept. 27, 2018)

Key Insight: spoliation, failure to preserve ESI

Nature of Case: wrongful termination, negligence, violation of rights

Electronic Data Involved: surveillance footage, video footage

Keywords: surveillance footage, permanent storage, automatic overwrite, download

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Dotson, et al. v. Edmonson, et al., No. 16-15371 (E.D. La. Jan. 22, 2018)

Key Insight: Defendants turned in employer owned/funded cell phones a month after litigation filed; was not spoilation and no sanctions given

Nature of Case: Civil Rights Violation

Electronic Data Involved: Cell Phone Records

Keywords: spoilation, duty of preservation

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Rhoda v. Rhoda (S.D.N.Y., 2017)

Key Insight: which version of FRCP 37(e) should be applied where the issue was raised before the new version became effected but the motion was filed, whether after its effective date?

Nature of Case: employment

Electronic Data Involved: email

Keywords: adverse instruction, intent to deprive, duty to preserve, culpability, web hosting, relevance, prejudice

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Zamora v. Stellar Management Group, Inc. (W.D. Mo., 2017)

Key Insight: Can the court order additional discovery if a party destroys evidence? Is a prejudice ruling required in a destruction of evidence case?

Nature of Case: Retaliation and discharge

Electronic Data Involved: text messages, emails, social media messages

Keywords: Prejudice, Destruction of evidence, Social media, Text messages

View Case Opinion

Fid. Nat?l Title Ins. Co. v. Captiva Lake Invs., L.L.C., No. 4:10?CV?1890 (CEJ), 2015 WL 94560 (E.D. Mo. Jan. 7, 2015)

Key Insight: Where inspection by court-appointed specialist revealed that plaintiff deleted emails, failed to institute a litigation hold, and delayed completing a comprehensive search of its electronic files, events which defendant and the court would not have known about but for the inspection, the court said plaintiff was subject to sanctions for failing to secure relevant emails and for prejudicial delay in production of discoverable material and that the court would instruct jurors that they may, but are not required to, assume the contents of deleted emails would have been adverse to the plaintiff, but the court would also allow for plaintiff to put on rebuttal evidence showing ?an innocent explanation of its conduct.? Additionally, the court ordered plaintiff to pay one-half of the reasonable costs of the inspection and to pay defendant?s reasonable attorneys? fees associated with bringing the sanctions motion.

Nature of Case: Insurance Coverage Dispute

Electronic Data Involved: ESI, database contents

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