Crime-Fraud Exception to Attorney-Client Privilege Invoked to Allow Testimony and Production of Notes by Attorney, Where Executive's Deletion of Email Sought by Grand Jury Could Constitute Obstruction of Justice
In re Grand Jury Investigation, 445 F.3d 266 (3rd Cir. 2006)
This opinion relates to an ongoing grand jury investigation of suspected federal criminal activity; because of the secrecy of the proceeding, the court's opinion lacks specific details.
The grand jury began investigating the financial arrangements and business dealings of an individual (the "Primary Target"), whose business dealings were carried out by a particular organization (the "Organization"). The grand jury investigation led to inquiry of Jane Doe, the Executive Director of the Organization, who had, and has, intimate knowledge of and access to the papers and other material of both the Primary Target and the Organization. "It appears that Jane Doe is also a target of the grand jury investigation. If she was not at the outset, she certainly has become a target in light of the events with which we are concerned. The Organization, through its counsel ("Attorney"), has entered into a joint-defense agreement with Jane Doe and her counsel in response to the investigation."Continue Reading...