Key Insight: A different office overwrote the recordings, and thus it would be unjust to punish defendant for something they did not do. Moreover, there was no notice, and the recordings were overwritten as a normal course of business.
Nature of Case: Excessive force, 4th/5th amendments
Electronic Data Involved: Recordings of radio calls
Keywords: Notice of duty to preserve, safe harbor, spoliation sanctions, intent to deprive, failure to act