Key Insight: In affirming the verdict of the trial court, the circuit court specifically indicated that the trial court did not err in refusing to give an adverse inference instruction and in its analysis recognized recent amendments to Rule 37(e): ?It bears adding that to the extent Applebaum sought an adverse inference instruction for spoliation of electronic information, a 2015 amendment to Civil Rule 37(e)(2) required her to show that Target had ?intent? to deprive her of the information?s use. A showing of negligence or even gross negligence will not do the trick. Fed. R. Civ. P. 37, 2015 Advisory Comm. Note. Applebaum would not have been able to show any degree of fault for Target?s alleged destruction of records, because she cannot show that Target destroyed the records?if they even existed in the first place?after it was put on notice of litigation.?
Nature of Case: Products Liability
Electronic Data Involved: ESI